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Coastal zones are the most sensitive part of human activities in the oceans. Human activities have a serious impact on the structure and function of their ecosystems. Which makes the coastal zone a fragile area of ​​marine ecological environment. Therefore, the safety and management of coastal zone has become an international hot research field. Scientific management of coastal zones is based on large amounts of data. The traditional coastal survey requires a lot of manpower and material resources, and the data is very limited. High-throughput coastal zone data acquisition has become the main bottleneck of scientific management of coastal zone.

Various types of marine monitoring systems have been developed in countries with high levels of marine research, such as the United States and the European Union, such as buoys, tows, gliders, satellite remote sensing, Observation stations, etc., to obtain massive data.

In this paper, a new marine data acquisition method is introduced, and a set of acquisition system - shipboard monitoring system (Automated Instrument Packages on Ships of Opportunities) is developed. It is a kind of marine environmental monitoring sensors will be integrated with the ship's navigation, along the entire route in real-time sampling, access to data can be directly through

Remote transmission to the data center, can also be stored in the data on board, a regular data acquisition of marine data collection mode.

Compared with other marine data acquisition systems, the onboard monitoring system has the following advantages:

(1) energy is sufficient. The ship can provide energy for the system to facilitate the application of more complex analysis system, so according to different functional requirements, using different sensors, the integration of the corresponding shipborne monitoring system.

(2) working environment is good. The internal working condition of the ship is ensured, which makes it easy to install more delicate equipment.

(3) easy to maintain. Without auxiliary maintenance costs, low maintenance costs.

(4) the data source is wide, the accuracy is high, may obtain the different time and the spatial data parameter.

Based on the above advantages, we can see that the application prospect of shipborne monitoring system is broad. The system can be placed on different routes on the commercial ship, can establish China's entire coastal monitoring system; if the ocean-going vessels, you can get a lot of ocean surface water data.

1 system principle

ARM9 as the control system to the core, by the sampling, testing, storage and sending and other components. After the system is started, the pump is controlled by the software, and the parameters such as pH, conductivity, dissolved oxygen and temperature are measured by the sensors installed in the water storage device. Comes with SD card, or by GPRS to send data to the data center. Data center PC or industrial computer by the same GPRS to receive data, processed by the data center program, stored in the database.

2 hardware design2.1 box designThe entire system is housed in a stainless steel housing that protects the system from severe weather conditions. Cabinet size is 555 mm × 519 mm × 454 mm, divided into three layers, the upper layer can push and pull distribution box, the middle layer for the storage tank and pump, the lower put the battery. The top cover and the front and rear wall of the box can be opened to the side, the overall installation and easy to move.
Among them, the distribution box is fixed on the slide. When the cover is opened to the side, the distribution box can be pushed to the rear side so as to disassemble or debug the lower equipment without disassembling the other equipment. Storage tanks are inlet and outlet, cover, cone-shaped filter hood and other components. As shown in Figure 2 (b), seawater from the inlet through the inner tube leading to the cone-shaped filter hood, the gas through the connecting tube from the center of the cover to the drainage pipe, due to flow factors, a large number of sea water from the cone filter The lower edge of the hood flows out, thereby reducing the gas into the storage tank to prevent its impact on the sensor performance. The upper part of the main outlet and the sensor installation port. The reason the outlet is located on the top cover is also based on consideration of the reduction of the accumulated gas in the tank. Between the cover and the water tank body with gasket, bolt connection. Figure 3 shows the overall physical appearance of the system.2.2 circuit designThe circuit part of the system consists of various functional circuits, including power supply circuit, A / D acquisition circuit, sampling isolation circuit, serial communication circuit and ARM system on module. One ARM system on module manufacturers for ordering products.2.2.1 Power supply circuitThe power requirements of the system are complex, including DC 24 V, ± 12 V, 5 V, and AC 220 V power supply. All power supplies are supplied by 12 V 60 Ah accumulators. Among them, 24 V and -12 V power supply by the power module; 220 V AC power conversion using the inverter. The 5 V power supply is obtained using the 2576-ADJ chip in combination with the 7805.
2.2.2 Acquisition circuitThe 16-bit high-performance ADC chip MAX11046 consumes ARM pin GPIO resources.
2.2.3 serial time division multiplexing circuitAs the high-performance ADC occupies part of the ARM chip GPIO resources, resulting in the serial port is not enough, so the use of analog switches 4052 time-multiplexed serial port. Different models of analog switches on the serial signal conduction voltage requirements are different. For example, if you use the HCF4052 analog switch to turn on the serial port signal, you need a power supply of 10 V or higher, while switching with the 74HC4052 model requires only 5 V to turn on. In addition, the serial port chip RS 3232 can be operated at 3.3 V, while the RS 232 is at least 5 V.
3 software design3.1 ARM-side programmingARM9 platform implanted WinCE system. The system runs under the application program written by EVC. After the program is opened, select the acquisition, storage and sending cycle, and set the SMS center number (with default value). Click to start, the system starts to work automatically. First start the pump, delay time for a period of time to wait for the tank filled with water, set the timer to start reading data, processing data, storage, display and send data, and so on operating cycle. Loop process, such as reading a text message into the analysis of the contents of the message, such as protocol instructions, the implementation and delete the message; if not protocol messages, delete directly to continue the implementation of the cycle. There are buttons on the software can directly end the system work.
3.2 PC side programmingPC-side program is written in Visual Studio 2010 using C # completed by the left tree of the right table, divided into user management, terminal management and data management of three parts. The program connects to a database project file created by SQL Server. The database project includes three tables: user table, terminal table and data table.User management part of the main operation of the user table, you can save and change different user information to determine the user's access to the ocean data and system operation permissions.Terminal management part of the terminal table and data table to operate, the main data reception and storage. To achieve the data center can be more than one ship monitoring system communication management, terminal table to save multiple shipborne monitoring system number, to facilitate the classification of marine parameters storage. Data management section can display the latest data received, and a period of time the data to the curve output, more intuitive to see a range of data trends. And the part of the database data can also be used to file data, such as Excel, PDF and other formats.The data center communicates with the shipborne monitoring system through the SMS terminal. SMS terminal and PC connected by the serial port, through the AT command communication. Software to receive text messages by setting the serial response events to achieve.
4. ConclusionThe instrument is based on WinCE operating system, integrates a variety of online seawater test instruments, through the GPRS module to realize the wireless data transmission of offshore waters, and expand the interface with 4G SD card, and a number of master and slave USB interface, Easy to maintain and debug, to meet the requirements of intelligent instruments to achieve the miniaturization of the instrument, mobile, low-cost, intelligent and so on. To meet the marine scientific research on the number of the demand.

Alex Paul Jan 14 · Comments: 6 · Tags: system on module
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Embedded Single Board Computer (SBCS) is rapidly becoming the most important development board in the hands of manufacturers. Professional engineers can use the SBCs prototype according to their preferences to design. In the end what is SBC? Why are so many manufacturers using it in their projects?

Single Board Computer (SBCS) is rapidly becoming the most important development board in the hands of manufacturers. Professional engineers can use the SBCs prototype according to their preferences to design. In the end what is SBC? Why are so many manufacturers using it in their projects?


A single board computer is a complete computer built on a single board. They can be as large as Nvidia's Jetson TKI, or as small as iMX233-OLinuXino-Nano, and are quite popular development tools. And in most cases, very cheap. The following are 11 single-board computers under $ 200.

Graperain Samsung S5P6818 Single Board Computer Ubuntu

The G6818 single board computer is almost one third of the G6818 development board size, but with better performance than the G6818 development board. It nearly covers all the peripheral function of the development board, as well as onboard VGA, USB WIFI/BT two in one module, etc. Software: G6818 SBC is completely compatible with G6818 development board, it’s unnecessary to make any modification. Hardware: G4418 SBC is completely compatible with G6818 SBC, it’s only needed to change the SoC to upgrade A9 Quad Core to A53 Octa Core, convenient for clients to upgrade their products.

The MicroZed ZedBoard

The MicroZed ZedBoard is based on the Xilinx ZYNQ-7020, which includes two ARM Cortex-A9 cores, 1GB of DDR3 memory and 128MB of QSPI flash memory and a microSD card interface. The board provides 100 I / O ports in standalone mode. ZedBoard's MicroZed SBC has a wealth of features at a price of $ 199.

Intel’s MinnowBoard Max

The board is actually Intel and CircuitCo (manufacturer) cooperation between, and there are two versions: $ 99 single-core and $ 199 dual-core. The higher priced version features Intel's Atom E3825 (1.33GHz) APU. Enthusiasts can use the board in the embedded project design anything. It can also be used as a board for file servers and network applications.

Intel’s D2500HN Atom D2500 mini-ITX

Intel D2500HN Atom D2500 mini-ITX has all the features of large-size desktop, but it uses a smaller packageThe motherboard features an Intel dual-core processor (clocked at 1.8GHz), two SO-DIMM slots, up to 4 GB of DDR3 memory and a mini PCI-E slot. It also includes eight USB 2.0 ports (4 internal / external), VGA port and a PS2 interface (keyboard or mouse). Like most desktop boards, it comes with Intel HD audio for connecting external speakers or headphones. This feature-rich SBC for only $ 90.
Graperain Samsung S5P6818 Single Board Computer

Alex Paul Nov 4 '16 · Comments: 3 · Tags: single board computer
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fifa1234 Aug 25 '16 · Comments: 2
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fifafifa Jan 24 · Comments: 2

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Wen May 24 · Comments: 2 · Tags: elysium gold wow, nfl 18 coins
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suanly Apr 21 · Comments: 2
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Steave Smith Feb 24 · Comments: 2 · Tags: vmix 18

E-prescription or Electronic Prescription, also sometimes called as e-Rx is the smart new way of managing and maintaining the manual process of writing prescription. This is the latest trend in the field of medical technology that is going to revolutionize completely the way doctors, hospitals, medical shops, and pharmaceutical companies are working. It includes computer & Telecommunication technology, Internet and smart mobile devices and transmits the medical data across the various recipients. For doctors, e-prescription system is a great helping hand.

E-Prescription - The Functions

Especially, in a country like India, where there is a lot more to be done in the field of medicine and healthcare; e-prescription system can be proved to a miracle. Here are some of the functions that an e-prescription system can accomplish for the doctors.

Complete automation of manual and time-intensive method of prescription writing.

Selecting the right medication, transmitting prescriptions electronically, printing prescriptions.

Conducting all safety checks, which includes - information on the various drug to be prescribed, drug-drug interactions, concerns related to potential inappropriate dose or route of administration, various allergy concerns, cautions, and warnings.

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Well, if we look at the functions of e-prescription system, they seem to be impressive. However, the challenge lies in the practice. In India, the appropriate time has come to embrace the technology of e-prescription. Have a look at the following points that will make you think how useful it is to adapt to the technology of e-prescription system.

Improved Patient Safety & Quality of Care

This system will certainly turn the course of medical practice in India. Starting from reducing medication errors and resultant adverse drug effect, it will enhance legibility. The most important aspect is avoiding any slight confusion that might arise in verbal communications.

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It truly takes great time and effort to be connected to the right person or advisor in the hospital, when the most urgent time comes. This automated system reduces the time spent on the voluminous phone calls to hospitals, pharmacies, and others. Similarly, for doctors, it also saves time answering queries and suggesting medicines over telephone. Both the doctors and the patients share information electronically.

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